Open Access (OA) means making scholarly or creative outputs FREELY ACCESSIBLE ONLINE, without charge nor restrictions due to copyright or licensing. To make OA possible would rely on "Internet" and the "CONSENT" granted by author / copyright holders.
OA is compatible with copyright, peer review, revenue (even profit), print, preservation, prestige, quality, career-advancement, indexing, and other features and supportive services associated with conventional scholarly literature.
-- by Peter Suber, Open Access Overview (based on revision dated 16 Dec 2013)
An interesting animated video "Open Access Explained!", produced by Piled Higher and Deeper (PHD Comics) will take us through the World of OA publishing and explain what it's all about.
Funding agencies worldwide, have policies requiring all grant-funded project or research to comply with OA mandates. The following highlights policies of few key regions / countries:
|Hong Kong||UGC / RGC require research funded under the major components of Earmarked Research Grant (ERG), including Early Career Scheme (ECS), General Research Fund (GRF), etc. to:
|China||Effective from May 2014, the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC), requires their researchers to deposit their papers into online repositories and make them publicly accessible within 12 months of publication. (中國科學院、國家自然科學基金委員會規定各其資助之科研項目產生的論文，必須在論文發表後12個月內上載機構知識庫實施開放獲取) (Learn More)|
|United States||US Government requires publications from taxpayer-funded research freely available to the public within 1 year of publication. (Learn More)|
|United Kingdom||UK Research and Innovation (UKRI) would ensure the results of research supported by public funds are made accessible and available for consultation by the research community and others is an integral part of the research process. All resultant publications should be deposited in and/or accessible through designated repositories. (Learn More)|
|Australia||The Australian Research Council (ARC) and National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) policies require funded research be made publicly available.|
There are two key OA publishing routes - Gold OA and Green OA.
|Article Version||Final Published Version||Author Manuscript (Pre-print / Post-print)|
|Timing||Immediate open access with articles made freely available at the point of publication||Often deferred open access, in accordance with publisher embargo periods (normally 12 to 24 months)|
|Cost||Usually requires a payment of Article Processing Charge (APC)* to publish an article||No additional cost to author|
|Location||Open Access or Hybrid Journal||Online repository (subject or institutional), archive or website|
|Licensing||Less stringout licensing restrictions to maximize access, re-use and dissemination||Flexible licensing options that allow for more author control over his/her work|
*APC: An article processing charge (APC), also known as a publication fee, is a fee which involved when making a work available as open access (OA), in either a full OA journal or in a hybrid journal. This fee may be paid by the author, the author's institution, or their research funder.
Open Access (OA) initiative aims at transforming scholarly publishing towards a barrier-free approach and making the research outputs of researchers to all users at no cost. To support OA Publishing @ LU, the Library is committed to explore suitable Read and Publisher (R&P) agreements with major publishers / institutions that would allow LU researchers to publish OA with wider dissemination of our scholarly outcomes. Visit this webpage for details.
Open Access (OA) transforms scholarly publishing towards a barrier-free approach. Here are some major benefits that OA would bring to different stakeholders:
|Benefits for Authors||Benefits for Researcher||Benefits for University|
- Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) : DOAJ is an authoritative directory of academic open access repositories.
- Directory of Open Access Books : The primary focus of DOAB is to increase discoverability of Open Access books.
- Directory of Open Access Repositories : OpenDOAR is an authoritative directory of academic open access repositories
- OATD – Open Access Theses and Dissertations : OATD aims to be the best possible resource for finding open access graduate theses and dissertations published around the world.
- Digital Commons Network : Includes scholarship from hundreds of university and college research repositories.
- Research Data Repositories : Provides a registry of current repositories for the permanent storage and access of data sets to researchers, funding bodies, publishers and scholarly institutions.